Promoting Zionism

Distracting from genocide

In the midst of Israel’s war on Gaza the ‘official communist’ CPB has launched a series of seminars on anti-Semitism. The problem is that the narrative comes directly from Zionist sources. Tony Greenstein investigates

‘Anti-Semitism’ has been the weapon that the Zionists have deployed to defend genocide in Gaza. Any manifestation of support for the Palestinians is deemed anti-Semitic.

Rishi Sunak has labelled Palestinians and their supporters “anti-Semitic hate marchers”,1 and former home secretary Suella Braverman described the slogan, ‘From the river to the sea, Palestine must be free’, as “an anti-Semitic chant”, whilst calling for the marches to be banned.2

How is it that Braverman, whose “dream” consisted of the expulsion of refugees to Rwanda, was so concerned about ‘anti-Semitism’?3 And how is it that Donald Trump with his Muslim ban is nonetheless perturbed about ‘anti-Semitism’?4 To say nothing of his chief strategist, Steve Bannon, who, whilst not wanting his daughters to go to school with Jewish children,5 was also very concerned about anti-Semitism?6 Tommy Robinson too is equally opposed to anti-Semitism, he claims.7

The concerns of Braverman and Sunak about anti-Semitism contrast with their racism towards black people, Muslims and refugees. ‘Anti-Semitism’ is the false anti-racism of the right. Anyone pretending to be a socialist would question their motives.

Not so the Communist Party of Britain. It is currently holding a series of seminars for its members, entitled ‘Understanding and combatting anti-Semitism’. You might have thought it would devote at least one session to exploring the weaponisation of alleged ‘anti-Semitism’ by the right and far right, but I am sorry to disappoint you: there is no such session. There is one, however, on what is called “the contested relationship between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism”. Contested by whom, you may ask? Certainly not supporters of the Palestinians or anti-Zionists. We are quite clear: there is no relationship.

If you are an anti-Zionist, you are an anti-racist and you will be equally opposed to anti-Jewish racism. But if you are an anti-Semite then the chances are that you are also a Zionist. As Zionist novelist AB Yehoshua once said in a lecture to the Union of Jewish Students,

Anti-Zionism is not the product of the non-Jews. On the contrary, the Gentiles have always encouraged Zionism, hoping that it would help to rid them of the Jews in their midst. Even today, in a perverse way, a real anti-Semite must be a Zionist.8

If you did not know better, you would be forgiven for thinking that the CPB seminars had been organised by the Jewish Labour Movement. But no, they were organised by professor Mary Davis, the CPB’s resident Zionist.

The question people need to ask is why it is that in the middle of a genocide the CPB is running a seminar whose sole aim is to bolster the Zionist narrative about anti-Semitism?

It has been a long time since the ‘official’ Communist Party was anti-Zionist. Following Stalin’s about-turn in November 1947, when the Soviet Union supported the establishment of a medieval ethno-religious Jewish state in Palestine, communist parties have steadfastly refused to oppose Zionism as a settler-colonial movement.

The Russian workers’ movement at the beginning of the 20th century saw Zionism as counterrevolutionary. The founder of Poale Zion, Ber Borochov, was expelled from the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1901 when he founded a Zionist Socialist Workers Union in Yekaterinoslav.9

Anti-Semitism was one of the main weapons of the tsarist autocracy in its fight against the working class and its organisations. Theodor Herzl, the founder of political Zionism, was happy to parley with it. After the Kishinev pogrom of 1903,10 Herzl’s response was to warn the leaders of Europe that, if the Zionist project failed, “hundreds of thousands of our adherents would at one swoop change over to the revolutionary parties”.11

In August 1903, barely four months after Kishinev, Herzl visited Russia, meeting with the anti-Semitic tsarist interior minister Vyacheslav von Plehve. Herzl was concerned that the Russian Zionist Federation should retain its legal status. As he began explaining the merits of Zionism, Plehve interrupted him: “You don’t have to justify the movement to me. You are preaching to a convert.”12 Plehve subsequently described Zionism as an “antidote to socialism”.13

Herzl asked Plehve: “Help me to reach land sooner and the revolt will end. And so will the defection to the socialists.”14 Herzl wrote to the German kaiser describing how “our movement … has everywhere to fight an embittered battle with the revolutionary parties, which rightly sense an adversary in it. We are in need of encouragement, even though it has to be a carefully kept secret”.15

Being a supporter of empire, the Labour Party was even more ardently pro-Zionist than the Conservatives. In August 1917, its ‘War Aims Memorandum’ supported a “return” of the Jewish people to Palestine, to establish a state there.16

All manner of reactionaries and social democrats supported Zionism, from Winston Churchill and Lord Balfour to Arthur Henderson and Ramsay MacDonald. In those days there was no pretence that opposing Zionism was anti-Semitic, because most Jews opposed it.

After visiting Palestine in 1922, Ramsay MacDonald wrote of how

The rich plutocratic Jew ... is the person whose views upon life make one anti-Semitic. He has no country, no kindred. Whether as a sweater or a financier, he is an exploiter of everything he can squeeze. He is behind every evil that governments do and his political authority, always exercised in the dark, is greater than that of parliamentary majorities ... He detests Zionism because it revives the idealism of his race.17

This was printed in a pamphlet, produced by Poale Zion, the forerunner of today’s Jewish Labour Movement!18

Zionism has always been a reactionary, racist movement. Yet still the CPB clings to Stalin’s nostrums that Jewish people need a state. Alone on the left the CPB still adheres to the apartheid solution of two states. It is time that it started to wake up to the movement around it.

In view of all this, I wrote the following open letter to Robert Griffiths, CPB general secretary.

Open letter

Dear Rob Griffiths

Today we are witnessing a genocide in real time in Gaza. It has been accompanied by clear statements of intent from Israel’s leaders. Defence minister Yoav Gallant outlined what was in store: “We are imposing a complete siege on Gaza. There will be no electricity, no food, no water, no fuel. Everything will be closed. We are fighting against human animals and we are acting accordingly.”19

Your party shrinks from making comparisons between Zionism and the Nazis, but the similarities are striking - from car bumper stickers saying “Finish them off”20 to stickers saying “Exterminate Gaza!”21

On October 4 1943 Heinrich Himmler used exactly this phrase in a lecture to senior SS officers in Posnan, when justifying the holocaust. The Nazis, he explained, were “the only people in the world” to have taken a “decent attitude” toward animals and who would be equally decent towards “human animals”.22

Gallant was not the only senior Israeli politician or military leader to make genocidal statements. South Africa’s application to the International Court of Justice documented numerous such statements.

The current death toll is, when one includes those under the rubble, approaching 50,000, including perhaps 20,000 children. How has the Zionist movement justified this?23 They have spread false ‘atrocity’ propaganda about October 7, on the one hand, and they have resorted to accusing their critics of anti-Semitism, on the other. Sad to say, the CPB and Mary Davis have joined in with this.

The final death toll for October 7 is accepted as 1,139.24 Just two babies were killed, both accidentally.25 Neither was burned or beheaded. Yet we had lurid headlines of 40 beheaded babies.26 According to that well known paper of record, the Daily Mail, “Hamas terrorists massacred at least 40 babies and young children before beheading some of them and gunning down their families in a small kibbutz in Israel, horrified Israeli soldiers have claimed.”

I24 News quoted IDF major general Itai Veruv as saying: “It’s not a war, it’s not a battlefield. You see the babies, the mother, the father, in their bedrooms, in their protection rooms, and how the terrorists killed them, It’s a massacre.”27

When these claims were discredited, Israel’s narrative changed to false allegations of mass rape. Naturally that faithful servant of imperialist propaganda, The New York Times, joined in with an article headed ‘Screams without words’.28 However, that has been completely discredited by a variety of different sources.29 Even the BBC has abandoned plans to run with the story.

The second line of defence has been our old friend, ‘anti-Semitism’. In Britain we saw Gideon Falter’s attempt to portray himself as the victim of anti-Semitism backfire, after a policeman misspoke. Falter had attempted to provoke a confrontation with pro-Palestine demonstrators.30

In the United States thousands of students have taken to sit-ins and protests against the genocide, and ‘anti-Semitism’ has been wheeled out by the right as an excuse to attack their peaceful demonstrations. Biden condemned what he said was “blatant” anti-Semitism at Columbia.31 Even war criminals become sensitive. when it comes to ‘anti-Semitism’, these days!

The American state is demonstrating that underneath the sugar coating of democracy lies a highly repressive military-police apparatus. According to House speaker Mike Johnson, Republicans would “hold these universities accountable for their failure to protect Jewish students on campus”.32 Instead of attacking the student demonstrators as a threat to US imperialism’s interests, Johnson and Biden articulate their concerns in terms of the ‘safety’ of Jewish students. The safety of Palestinian students is of no concern.

The vicious attack on Emory University professor Caroline Fohlin by police is unlikely to attract their attention.33 Likewise the attack on history professor Steve Tamari at Washington University, which left him with a broken hand and ribs, shows us the real face of US capitalism. One doctor told Tamari that he was lucky to be alive.34


On February 23 2023 Jeremy Corbyn - the big lie premiered at Conway Hall with the guest speaker being Ben Chacko, editor of the Morning Star.35 The film, which Starmer and the TUC did their best to prevent being shown, showed how false allegations of anti-Semitism had been weaponised in order to remove Corbyn as Labour leader.

I am astounded therefore that the CPB/Morning Star, which opposed the ‘anti-Semitism’ witch hunt, should be organising a seminar on ‘anti-Semitism’ which takes as its main sources those who led the ‘anti-Semitism’ witch hunt in Labour. The seminar has been organised by Mary Davis.

Last September I wrote a piece called ‘Elephant in the room’, which criticised Davis’s article in Communist Review, entitled ‘The contested relationship between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism’.36 As readers of my book Zionism during the holocaust37 will know, the only relationship that exists is between Zionism and anti-Semitism.38 Both share the belief that the ‘real home’ of Jews is Israel, as Netanyahu told French Jews in 2015.39

When the Zionist movement began at the end of the 19th century, most Jews saw it as a form of Jewish anti-Semitism. Today neo-Nazis like Richard Spencer, organiser of the Unite the Right Charlottesville march, call themselves “white Zionists”. Tommy Robinson and others of his ilk declare their support for Zionism. Davis would have to be stupid not to notice the support of the far right for Zionism (since she is a professor I assume she is not). There is no relationship, contested or otherwise, between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism. Of course, there has been a determined campaign by the Zionists to conflate anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism.

Davis’s CPB course, entitled ‘Understanding and Combatting Anti-Semitism’, makes no attempt to do either. Its real purpose is to perpetuate the myth that opposition to Zionism and the Israeli state derives from it being a ‘Jewish’ state rather than its actions.

Davis has been arguing that the left’s opposition to Zionism is anti-Semitic for a long time. In July 2019 she wrote an article for the Morning Star in which she asked whether allegations of anti-Semitism in the Labour Party were “a fiction manufactured by a conspiratorial alliance between the Israeli government and anti-socialist forces seeking to discredit Jeremy Corbyn”.

There were clearly conspiracies, as Asa Winstanley documented with the refounding of the Jewish Labour Movement in 2015. There is, however, no need for conspiracies, given that our mass media shares the same Zionist pro-imperialist agenda. Anti-socialist forces are always pro-imperialist and pro-Zionist. There is a consensus. It is a strange argument coming from someone who is allegedly a communist. Is the anti-communism of the press also a conspiracy and a product of paranoia?

The real question is whether the allegations of anti-Semitism in the Labour Party were true. I was the first Jewish person to be expelled in February 2018 - followed by Jackie Walker, Marc Wadsworth, Ken Livingstone and Chris Williamson. Were any of us guilty of anti-Semitism? All of us were caught up in the false ‘anti-Semitism’ smear campaign, yet the charges against us did not actually allege anti-Semitism.

Davis avoids any concrete examples to back up her claims. She prefers innuendo. Her clinching argument that there was a problem in the Labour Party is that “the leadership of the Labour Party itself has acknowledged that there is an anti-Semitic element within its ranks”. What kind of argument is this? The fact that Corbyn was bullied into accepting the false ‘anti-Semitism’ narrative is proof of nothing.

Corbyn’s general secretary, Jennie Formby, began expelling people at a rate that Iain McNicol, the previous general secretary, could only dream of. They believed that by expelling Palestinian supporters they could impress their enemies. It was claimed that their actions ‘proved’ there was an anti-Semitism problem - something Davis is happy to accept. She argues that there is an “anti-Semitic current” in the Labour Party, because after 2,000 years anti-Semitism “has penetrated deeply into mainstream thinking”.

What Davis demonstrates is the poverty of her understanding of anti-Semitism historically. I realise that the CPB has an aversion to Trotskyism or even dissident Marxism, given its Stalinist antecedents, but the books that Davis does not mention are Abram Leon’s The Jewish question - a Marxist interpretation and Maxime Rodinson’s Cult, ghetto and state, which put anti-Semitism in a historically materialist context. Leon wrote that “Zionism transposes modern anti-Semitism to all of history and saves itself the trouble of studying the various forms of anti-Semitism and their evolution”.

To Davis anti-Semitism is one seamless fabric. Zionism believes that anti-Semitism is a 2,000 years constant - an unchanging virus that affects all non-Jews. This is both unMarxist and ahistorical. Anti-Semitism has changed, as society has changed and as the Jews have changed. Racial anti-Semitism represented a sharp break from religious or feudal anti-Semitism. Far from being widespread, anti-Semitism today is a marginal form of prejudice.

This seminar that Davis planned is a reactionary junket whose only purpose will be to reinforce the Zionist smear that anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism are one and the same.

If CPB members wish to understand the reasons why British imperialism gave its backing to Zionism they should read Winston Churchill’s 1920 article, ‘Zionism versus Bolshevism’. It combines Churchill’s support for empire with support for Zionism and anti-Semitism. He told readers:

In violent contrast to international communism, [Zionism] presents to the Jew a national idea of a commanding character ... In the Soviet institutions the predominance of Jews is even more astonishing. And the prominent, if not indeed the principal, part in the system of terrorism applied by the Extraordinary Commissions for Combating Counterrevolution has been taken by Jews, and in some notable cases by Jewesses. The same evil prominence was obtained by Jews in the brief period of terror during which Bela Kun ruled in Hungary.

Communist Jews were bad. Zionist Jews were good. Meanwhile Davis’s attempts to marry Zionism and communism is a Sisyphean task. As David Ben-Gurion, the first prime minister of Israel observed in December 1935, Zionism was a “bulwark against assimilation and communism”.


You only get an indication of just how reactionary is the furrow that Davis ploughs when you peruse her reading list. Included is a pamphlet, ‘Campus anti-Semitism’, from the Community Security Trust, which is funded by the home office and set up by Israel’s Mossad (equivalent of MI6). The CST led the campaign to have professor David Miller sacked from Bristol University (an employment tribunal later upheld his complaints of unfair dismissal and discrimination). You can get a flavour of the CST’s commitment to anti-racism from its choice of guest at its 2023 annual dinner - Suella Braverman!

At a time when thousands of American students are protesting against their universities’ complicity in genocide in Gaza, what does Davis do? She backs those who assert that support for Palestine is a threat to the safety of Jewish students.

“Antisemitism on campus surges as agitators take over,” shouts Fox News. It is a sentiment that the ‘communist’, Davis, agrees with. She never once asks why it is that opposition to ‘anti-Semitism’ is so popular with those who are racist to the core on everything else.

Davies’s next recommended text is the CST’s 2021 ‘Anti-Semitic Incidents Reports’. Tony Lerman, founding director of the Institute of Jewish Policy Research, was principal editor of the annual ‘Anti-Semitism World Report’. Lerman described how he had been

pressurised by the London Mossad representative dealing with anti-Semitism into “either ceasing publication or merging our report with one that the then-new Project for the Study of Antisemitism at Tel Aviv University ... and part-financed by the Mossad, was beginning to produce. I vigorously resisted the pressure ... I tried to persuade the Israelis to allow us to operate without interference, but was given short shrift by the Mossad representative at the Israeli embassy in London and by the Israel ambassador [Moshe Raviv] himself.40

Lerman lost the battle and what resulted is the CST, which Davis quotes uncritically. Why should Israel’s equivalent of MI6 be interested in anti-Semitism statistics unless they are being manipulated to further the interests of the Israeli state?

We are given no clue as to who was to present the talk, ‘Anti-Semitism and the Labour Party under Corbyn’, but the title itself has framed the discussion. Davis has clearly embraced those who made false accusations by weaponising anti-Semitism.

The whole course is dishonestly selective. For example, ‘The role of communists in the fight against anti-Semitism’ during the 1930s and later is a mixed one. In Germany the Communist Party (KPD) described the Social Democrats as ‘social fascists’, thus destroying any possibility of a united working class front against the Nazis. Often they accepted the Strasserite equation of Jew and capitalist.

In 1923 KPD leader Ruth Fischer gave a speech to Nazi students, in which she said:

Those who call for a struggle against Jewish capital are already, gentlemen, class strugglers, even if they don’t know it. You are against Jewish capital and want to fight the speculators. Very good. Throw down the Jewish capitalists, hang them from the lamppost, stamp on them. But, gentlemen, what about the big capitalists, the Stinnes and Klöckner?

Donald Niewyk describes the KPD appeal to the SA and SS in 1933: “You have shot enough workers. When will you hang the first Jew?” Between 1930 and 1933 there were no Jewish KPD deputies elected.

During the holocaust the Soviet Union adamantly refused to recognise that the Nazis were targeting Jews in particular for extermination.

Stalinism engaged in rewriting history, when it was argued that the Jews suffered no more than other groups at the hands of the Nazis. It enabled the USSR to gloss over the collaboration with the Nazis. As Samuel Moyn writes of Soviet-Jewish writer Vasily Grossman’s account of Treblinka,

… the disproportionate victimhood of Jews was not ideologically useful from the perspective of Moscow ... From the perspective of official anti-fascism, ‘humanity’ had suffered, not one group within it more than the rest … the Soviets could not accept that the victims had been predominantly Jewish.’ Though Grossman’s essay had already been circulated elsewhere, … the plates of the Black book were destroyed.41

In 1952 there was the Slansky trial, when 14 Czech communists were accused of being Zionist agents - 11 of them were Jewish and 11 were executed. In 1963 Slansky was pardoned. Or the ‘Doctors Plot’, when (mostly Jewish) doctors were accused of conspiring to murder Soviet leaders. Fortunately Stalin died before their trial, after which they were released. Or the ‘anti-Zionist’ campaign in 1967 in Poland after the Six-Day War. It was led by party leader Władysław Gomułka, who conflated ‘Jew’ and ‘Zionist’ and blamed Jews for the era of Stalinist repression.

The failure by Davis and the CPB to examine honestly the history of their own anti-Semitic tradition marks out the course as a worthless propaganda exercise and an attempt to rewrite history.


Under ‘The Holocaust’ there is a review of Jonathan Freedland’s dishonest book about Rudolf Vrba, one of only five Jewish prisoners to escape from Auschwitz on April 10 1944. Freedland’s book is the object of uncritical praise by Davis.

Vrba and fellow escapee, Alfred Wetzler, produced the Vrba-Wetzler Report, which revealed the existence of Auschwitz as a death camp for the first time. Prior to that Auschwitz was believed to be a labour camp. The report was given to the leader of Hungary Zionism, Rudolf Kasztner, at the end of April and was immediately suppressed by Hungary’s Zionist leaders.

Suffice to say Freedland, an arch Zionist, glosses over much of this, including the Kasztner trial, which convulsed Israel for four years (1954-58). It led to the collapse of the second Israeli government under Moshe Sharrett.

If Davis knew anything about the background to the affair, she would know that Vrba’s book I cannot forgive is a far more reliable guide to what really happened than Freedland’s cheap thriller. Vrba’s book describes in far more detail their escape from Auschwitz, but one suspects that Davis has not read any source books on the holocaust.

The other text on the holocaust is none other than an article by Davis herself on Holocaust Memorial Day. In her concluding remarks she quotes Blackface Badiel, saying that we must “strenuously rebut the notion that in the fight against racism Jews don’t count.”42 Quite.

But the session on Islamist Anti-Semitism takes the prize. Today Zionism is the mainstay of Islamophobia. Davis links to Rakib Ehsan’s article, ‘The establishment has not been robust enough against Muslim anti-Semitism’, in a paper that is an expert on the topic - the Jewish Chronicle, the anti-Palestinian rag which the ruling class loves so much that they run it in permanent deficit. We are told that “The existence of ‘parallel societies’ in Britain carries significant social risks which must be treated with the utmost seriousness by the UK government.”

It is not often that Muslims write for the Jewish Chronicle, so who is Dr Ehsan? Well, he is a research fellow at the far-right Henry Jackson Society, one of whose founders and directors is William Shawcross, who in 2012 said: “Europe and Islam is one of the greatest, most terrifying problems of our future”.

Another key figure in the HJS is associate director Douglas Murray. According to Nafeez Ahmed,

Behind the facade of concern about terrorism is a network of extremist neoconservative ideologues, hell-bent on promoting discrimination and violence against Muslims and political activists who criticise Israeli and western government policies.43

Murray is the author of The strange death of Europe, which espouses the ‘White Replacement Theory’. According to a review in The Guardian,

Chapter after chapter circles around the same repetitive themes: migrants raping and murdering and terrorising; paeans to Christianity; long polemics about how Europe is too “exhausted by history” and colonial guilt to face another battle, and is thus letting itself be rolled over by invaders fiercely confident in their own beliefs.44

Murray is a fan of Enoch Powell. The HJS seems perfectly appropriate in the circumstances for Mary Davis’s course on anti-Semitism!

Another prominent figure in the HJS is Baroness Cox, former deputy speaker of the House of Lords. In 2007, she told the Jerusalem Summit (an anti-Palestinian network) that “Britain has been deeply infiltrated” by Islamist extremists, who have converted the country into “a base for training and teaching militant Islam”.

The crème de la crème lies in Davis’s ‘selected reading’ for the course. I will only pick out one suggestion, and that is The definition of Anti-Semitism by Kenneth L Marcus.

In October 2017, Donald Trump nominated Marcus to be Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights. Marcus was endorsed by a variety of Zionist groups, but opposed by groups including the US Campaign for Palestinian Rights and Jewish Voice for Peace.

In May 2020, nine civil rights groups filed a complaint against Marcus. Ian Lustick, writing in The Forward, deplored both Marcus’s appointment, and his use of his office, arguing that:

Marcus came to his position not to protect and expand learning opportunities in American educational institutions, but to threaten and narrow them, especially when it comes to open debate about Israel and the Palestinians. And his use of accusations of anti-Semitism in order to silence debate about Israel is being done with the sanction of the president of the United States.45

Marcus’s views on anti-Semitism would seem to be perfectly in tune with Davis’s course. After all, who better to learn from than genuine anti-Semites?

The Zionist Organization of America is on the far right. When Trump was elected president, it invited Stephen Bannon to be its guest of honour at its gala dinner. Even the staunchly Zionist Anti-Defamation League took fright. In the end a large picket by If Not Now kept Bannon away. However, in November 2018 Bannon was re-invited and this time he attended.

Bannon was the editor of Breitbart, magazine of the alt-right. Its founder, Richard Spencer, organised the Charlottesville march, whose main slogan was ‘The Jews shall not replace us’. Also in attendance at the event was Sebastian Gorka, a Hungarian émigré and supporter of the neo-Nazi, Vitézi Rend.


Davis’s course would not be complete without a restatement of official Soviet policy. Davis boasts of the support it gave to the establishment of a Jewish state in November 1947. This calamitous decision, which its satellites obeyed, led to the establishment of the genocidal, ethnic cleansing state of Israel.

Stalin’s cynical about-turn had nothing to do with the holocaust survivors and everything to do with his wish to see an end to British imperialism in the Middle East. Through this decision Stalin helped destroy the strong communist parties of the Middle East in Egypt, Syria, Iran and Iraq. Davis is oblivious to all of that.

The CPB demonstrates why it is a dinosaur incapable of adapting to changed circumstances. The party boasts its support for a two-state solution, when it is obvious to all that Zionism is not going to concede even a mini Bantustan. Two states has been the smokescreen behind which the West Bank has been colonised.

Two states is an apartheid solution. The CPB has never accepted that Zionism is a settler-colonial movement incapable of making peace with the indigenous population. So, when Israel is seeking to complete its ethnic cleansing project in Gaza through genocidal means, the CPB shamefully decide to focus on ‘anti-Semitism’ instead!

Yours fraternally, Tony Greenstein

  1. The Guardian March 8.↩︎

  2. ‘Take on hate-filled mobs before it is too late’ The Daily Telegraph February 6.↩︎

  3. The Independent October 5 2022.↩︎

  4. www.nbcnews.com/news/investigations/trump-era-antisemitism-policy-expected-fuel-flood-student-lawsuits-uni-rcna123668.↩︎

  5. thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/presidential-races/293532-bannons-ex-wife-he-didnt-want-the-girls-going-to-school.↩︎

  6. www.newsweek.com/tel-aviv-diary-bannon-raises-spectre-anti-semitic-america-521939.↩︎

  7. The Guardian November27 2023.↩︎

  8. Jewish Chronicle January 22 1982.↩︎

  9. Ha’aretz December 17 2010.↩︎

  10. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kishinev_pogrom.↩︎

  11. R Patel (editor) The complete diaries of Theodor Herzl Pennsylvania 1960, p799.↩︎

  12. Ibid p1525.↩︎

  13. The Times February 6 1904.↩︎

  14. R Patel (editor) The complete diaries of Theodor Herzl Pennsylvania 1960, p1526.↩︎

  15. Ibid p596.↩︎

  16. fathomjournal.org/balfour-100-before-balfour-the-labour-partys-war-aims-memorandum.↩︎

  17. JT MacDonald A socialist in Palestine London 1922, p6.↩︎

  18. Ibid p6↩︎

  19. www.aljazeera.com/program/newsfeed/2023/10/9/israeli-defence-minister-orders-complete-siege-on-gaza.↩︎

  20. canadatalksisraelpalestine.ca/2024/03/09/former-pm-stephen-harper-tries-to-reassure-worried-conservatives-that-israel-is-waging-a-just-war-its-a-difficult-task.↩︎

  21. shirazsocialism.wordpress.com/2023/10/27/letter-from-tel-aviv-the-most-horrifying-of-times.↩︎

  22. nuremberg.law.harvard.edu.↩︎

  23. edition.cnn.com/middleeast/live-news/israel-hamas-war-gaza-news-04-23-24/index.html.↩︎

  24. www.france24.com/en/live-news/20231215-israel-social-security-data-reveals-true-picture-of-oct-7-deaths.↩︎

  25. www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/war-gaza-al-jazeera-tells-7-october-story-british-media-will-not.↩︎

  26. www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-12615031/Hamas-terrorists-beheaded-babies-kibbutz-slaughter-IDF-soldiers-reveal-horrific-scenes-carnage-discovered-site-scores-people-massacred.html.↩︎

  27. www.i24news.tv/en/news/israel-at-war/1696938010-it-smells-of-death-here-surveying-the-scenes-of-atrocities-in-kfar-aza.↩︎

  28. www.nytimes.com/2023/12/28/world/middleeast/oct-7-attacks-hamas-israel-sexual-violence.html.↩︎

  29. theintercept.com/2024/02/28/new-york-times-anat-schwartz-october-7. See also electronicintifada.net/blogs/ali-abunimah/watch-debunking-israels-mass-rape-propaganda; and electronicintifada.net/blogs/asa-winstanley/bbc-distances-itself-7-october-mass-rape-claims.↩︎

  30. twitter.com/Jonathan_K_Cook/status/1782370001007050883.↩︎

  31. www.aljazeera.com/news/2024/4/22/biden-condemns-blatant-anti-semitism-at-columbia-pro-palestine-protests.↩︎

  32. edition.cnn.com/2024/04/30/politics/democrats-biden-college-protests/index.html.↩︎

  33. twitter.com/MiddleEastEye/status/1783877444300062921.↩︎

  34. twitter.com/GozukaraFurkan/status/1785428910785605679.↩︎

  35. See www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXvaWz4gpTc.↩︎

  36. ‘Elephant in the room’ Weekly Worker September 21 2023: weeklyworker.co.uk/worker/1459/elephant-in-the-room. M Davis, ‘The contested relationship between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism’: drive.google.com/file/d/1Vs4S2_BqNQcUy17GHBRcqFBOaykph0g4/view?pli=1.↩︎

  37. T Greenstein Zionism during the holocaust London 2022.↩︎

  38. www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Nz_PNqcq6c.↩︎

  39. www.timesofisrael.com/netanyahu-to-french-jews-israel-is-your-home.↩︎

  40. T Lerman ‘Anti-Semitism redefined’ in Jewish Voice for Peace On anti-Semitism Chicago 2017.↩︎

  41. C Rajchman Treblinka - a survivor’s memory London 2011, p8.↩︎

  42. morningstaronline.co.uk/article/why-we-must-remember.↩︎

  43. www.middleeasteye.net/opinion/white-supremacists-heart-whitehall.↩︎

  44. www.theguardian.com/books/2017/may/06/strange-death-europe-immigration-xenophobia.↩︎

  45. www.meforum.org/campus-watch/59992/the-trump-administration-is-using-accusations.↩︎