A continent of the mind

Jack Conrad shows that the European Union has been shaped not only by rival state powers, but by class politics too

Europe is a comparatively recent concept. As historian Norman Davies explains, it “gradually replaced the earlier concept of ‘Christendom’ in a complex intellectual process lasting from the 14th to the 18th centuries”. Only in the early years of the 18th century did notions of a common European identity finally supercede those of Christendom. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) provides perhaps the last major diplomatic reference to the “Christian commonwealth”.1

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Letters

No to oppression; PCS conference; Market socialism; Democratic unity; Mean-minded; Shallow

Don’t apologise - attack

The right will not let up if we retreat before their smears, argues Moshé Machover. This is an edited version of his speech to the May 15 London Communist Forum

Scandal hits M5S

As Beppe Grillo prepares to step down, his populist party stands accused of corruption. Toby Abse reports

Social democratic stepping stone

Arthur Bough responds to Mike Macnair

Too close for comfort

The errors of the CPGB in relation to the 1924 minority Labour government were deeply rooted in the political physiognomy of the early Comintern, argues Lawrence Parker

Collective amnesia

The job of the left is to learn from past errors, not succumb to fanboyism, argues Paul Demarty

Appreciation

Don't be afraid to prove it with hard cash, says Robbie Rix

Weekly Worker 1107 is also available in PDF format