Supplement: Trotsky 1917 vs Trotsky 1924

Did the Bolsheviks believe the Russian Revolution to be ‘bourgeois-democratic’ or ‘socialist’? asks Lars T Lih in part 6 of his series, ‘All power to the soviets!’

In April 1917, Georgii Plekhanov - an elder statesman of Russian Social Democracy, but by now isolated on the extreme ‘defencist’ end of the socialist spectrum - wrote a couple of articles that by an unexpected and surprising route became the basis of today’s ‘rearming’ narrative about the Bolsheviks during the revolution. In these articles, Plekhanov made the following assertions:

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Letters

Kind support; United front; Transformation; Out of context; Long view

Disintegrating alliance

The SACP is calling for a ‘reconfigured alliance’ with the ANC in a desperate attempt to stave off the pressure from below, writes Peter Manson

Build the momentum

In an outstanding victory against the rightwing witch-hunters, Moshé Machover has been unconditionally reinstated as a Labour member. David Shearer of Labour Party Marxists urges comrades to build on the success of the campaign to overturn his expulsion

The character of the Russian Revolution

This article by Lev Trotsky was first published in August 1917 as part 5 of his pamphlet What next?

Centrepiece of imperial strategy

On the centenary of the Balfour declaration, Tony Greenstein looks at the reasons underlying British support for Zionism

Iran, Kurdistan and the left

How can we achieve principled communist unity in the Middle East? We spoke to Mohammad Reza Shalgouni, a member of the Organisation of Revolutionary Workers of Iran (Rahe Kargar)

Causing alarm in Rome and Brussels

Toby Abse reports on the bizarre behaviour of Matteo Renzi, which has played into the hands of the right-populist M5S

Enough wishful thinking

The left must do better than acting as Puigdemont’s PR department, argues Paul Demarty

Commitment

The October target was exceeded, says Robbie Rix, now for November too

Weekly Worker 1177 is also available in PDF format